NADCON5-ng  0.0.2
NADCON5 Next Generation Documentation
NADCON5-ng Manual

NADCON5-ng has been updated from the original development to use GNU Make as the target build system

NADCON5.0 Data Pipeline

The toplevel Makefile defines the rules to construct the NADCON5-ng dataset in the traditional NADCON5.0 fashion, using the same fortran programs, simply managed by Make

To generate the target NADCON data, from the command line

 $ cd nadcon5-ng
 $ cd build/out.ussd.nad27.conus.900.0

Where the variables are specified and indicate

  • OLD_DATUM = Source Datum
  • NEW_DATUM = Target Datum
  • REGION = Geographic Region to Compute
  • GRIDSPACING = The Grid Spacing in arcsec
  • MAPLEVEL = The zoom level of images to generate (0,1,2)

For more Information on the meaning of thes parameter see the documentation of functions in: NADCON5 Build Programs

Conversion between datums is restricted in a strictly one-step chronoligical direction. Not all Regions are possible with all conversions


With no arguments Make will execute the default target, in this case all, which is defined to run the data pipeline.

Additional targets are defined to step through the data pipeline.

These targets approximately mimic the steps taken in the upstream build scritpts doitX.bat

$ make doit
$ make doit2
$ make doit3
$ make doit4

, will execute the build system in the same step-by step fashion as the upstream batch files. Generating a portion of the output each time.

These doit targets use programs defined in NADCON5 Build Programs to generated Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) batch files in the output directory. Additionally, as a first step a "work" file is constructed (see makework )

Dataset construction can be done by stepping through these GMT scripts

$ make workfile
$ make gmtbat01
$ make gmtbat02
$ make gmtbat07

Allowing one to manually execute the batch file in the build directory

These scripts call GMT functions without explicitly calling gmt which may not work on all distributions, shell wrappers for gmt are provided in gmt_wrappers/ and can be added to path for convenience.

Data Archive

An archive file, with a unix timestamp is constructed with the archive target

That is,

$ make archive

This creates a file


Output Files

Output files are generated in the folder


Source Compilation

The required files are compiled by the Data Pipeline automatically, but if you need to do this manually it can be done from the src/ directory

$ cd nadcon5-ng/src
$ make

Binaries are placed in the directory


Documentation Compilation

This page, as well as all the documentation on this page is also generated using Make


To produce html documentation suitable for browsing or hosting

$ cd nadcon5-ng/docs
$ make full_docs

Additionally, other output forms are available

All forms of documentation can be compiled at once by omitting the target

$ cd nadcon5-ng/docs
$ make

Latex and PDF:

Latex sources and compiled PDF can be created by calling (in the docs folder)

$ make latex_docs


*NIX style manual pages, suitable for use by the man command can be generated with the bin_manual and lib_manual targets

Generate manual pages for the Compiled Programs (man.1)

$ make bin_manual

Generate Documentation for subroutines and functions

$ make lib_manual


  • Oracle Fortran
  • Generic Mapping Tools GMT
  • GNU Make
  • Doxygen

Makefile Primer

Note: This primer has been adapted from other sources and is not specific to NADCON5-ng

Makefiles define rules to make targets.

A Makefile may look something like this.

# Target to Compile a single file.
#  The first line defines the target
#  further lines define the commands
#  that are run 
  cc -o object.o object.c

# Target to link executable with external releaselib.
#  object.o is a dependency of release_exec
release_exec: object.o
  ld  -r -o release_exec  releaselib object.o 

# Convenience Target 
release: release_exec

# Since "release" does not actually produce a file 
#  this is required boiler plate
.PHONY: release

This Makefile is actually equivalent to a simple compiler one-liner.

cc -o release_exec -lreleaselib object.c

However, it already provides power behind the scenes.

For example Calling

make release

Will not recompile the executable if object.c has not been changed.

The real power of Make comes from "Pattern Rules" constructed using Automatic variables and Pattern Matching which result in a more general rule.

# The target name is special
#  and the variable [email protected] 
#  refers to the target name 
  cc -o [email protected] object.c

# The dependency name is special
#  and the variable $< refers to the 
#  first (only) dependency
better_test.o: object.c
  cc -o [email protected] $<

# Multiple Dependencies
#  can be refered to by the variable
#  $^
other_test.a: test.o better_test.o
  ld -r -o [email protected] $^

# Pattern matching makes general rules
#  The following  rule compiles all .c files to .o files
  cc -o [email protected] $<

# PHONY rules can be used to build multiple
#  dependencies
build_some_libs: pattern_lib.o \
                 pattern_lib2.o \
                 pattern_lib3.o \
.PHONY: build_all_libs

By default Make assumes that the target is a real file that is created, and will track the state of dependency based on the file and if it exists.

As such when dealing with build directories, a target must be specified with its path for make to track its status.

The .PHONY target is a special target that indicates that it should not be tracked and will be rebuilt every time, often this is good for things like printing debug output or a convenience target that builds multiple targets (e.g. all).

In our Makefiles you will see things like the following, this example is our default rule for building fortran programs

$(BIN_DIR)/%:$(notdir %).f | $(BIN_DIR)
  $(FC) $(FFLAGS) $< -o [email protected]

In this case, FC, FFLAGS, are variables define in our Makefile which can be overridden at the command line, this is described below. BIN_DIR is a Makefile Variable and is the directory where binary programs artifacts are to be placed after building.

This default rule maps all programs like /path/to/build/bin/myprogram to compile from the file myprogram.f using the Fortran Compile FC and the compilation flags FFLAGS